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Pneumatic forging hammers for blacksmiths. Made in Germany.
The information presented on this page for Kuhn air hammers comes from tool catalogs, blacksmith magazines, and reference materials and letters from the manufacturer and Centaur Forge.
These are the new style hammers currently being produced by Kuhn.
The north American distributor for the newer style Kuhn air hammers is Centaur Forge. The page scan at left is from the 2003 Centaur catalog. These new model hammers use very little oil, misting of oil around the hammer is almost completely eliminated. This was a very new design that was made possible by advancement in air pump technology that was not available in the 1960s and 1970s when the earlier models were designed. I have no other information on this new style hammer and have not had the opportunity to see one of these hammers operating.
Centaur Forge is the north American distributor for the new Kuhn K/CF style hammers.
European vendor for these hammers is Angele Schmiedetechni, Bahnhofstrasse 23, Reinstetten, D-88416 Ochsenhausen, Tel ++49-(0)7352-92 26-0 Deutschland (Germany) http://www.angele.de/
Currently not available in the USA.
Manufactured in Augsburg Germany. The manufacturer's website: http://www.kuhn-maschinentechnik.de/luftschmiedehaemmer_de.html.
These older style hammers are not currently being made. Thousands of these older style hammers have been in service since the early 1960s.
I have seen the newer model K24/53 hammer working. It was a very simple design in that there was only the on/off switch, and the throttle control treadle. As the machine is switched on, the ram immediately lifts and begins to reciprocate up and down at the top end of ram stroke. As the treadle is depressed, the ram begins oscillating up and down towards the anvil. Lots of huffing and puffing and the hammer runs with ease. This hammer runs at around 70 db. Almost no oil misting in the air. Actually I saw no oil misting but assumed there may be some that I didn't see. The hammer hits nice and hard and has excellent control. The owner was very happy with the machine.
Scans from old Centaur Forge Catalogs. Centaur Forge printed a lot of really good information in some of their older catalogs. Here are some scans from earlier Centaur Forge catalogs. The first 6 pages date back to 1989. And more recently from the 2003 catalog. Information includes the size of the hammer and charts showing the comparisons of the sizes of bars that can be forged on a regular high production or heavier bars that can be forged during "occasional" work. Great charts for deciding on a size of hammer to purchase. Hammer sizes and weights, motor horsepower, electrical and other information is given.
Sizes and weight comparisons. From 1990 Centaur Forge Catalog.
The name has changed but the hammers were still the same. An advertisement in the British Blacksmith #47 from March 1988 explains the name change from Reiter to Kuhn. Kuhn air hammers were sold previously under the name Reiter, and I think also at one time under the name Berger. Click on the thumbnail at left to see the full size image from the magazine. Joseph Kuhn was plant manager for Alois Reiter and he assumed ownership of the company after Mr. Reiter retired. He continued making improvements and modernizations to this line of hammers and the modern hammers have many important improvements over the earlier models. The K/CF hammers are quieter and can run for longer periods of time between necessary cool down period. For example, the earlier hammers were meant to run for no longer than 10-12 hours at a time before cooling down for the night. The later K12/42 - K24/53 models were quieter and could run roughly 12-16 hours before cooling for the night. The K/CF hammers are also quieter than earlier models and the latest improvements include a new rotary pump that runs more efficiently and uses less horsepower to operate and new seal technology that requires less lubrication and almost entirely eliminates misting of oil around the hammer.
Page last updated on September 17, 2019.
Page created April 16, 2006.